武汉理工大学材料科学与工程学科简介

  一、历史沿革与目标定位

  以水泥、玻璃、陶瓷和无机非金属新材料及复合材料为主体的建筑材料工业是支撑国民经济发展的支柱产业,武汉理工大学材料科学与工程学科是为国家建筑材料工业培养高层次人才和提供重大科技成果的重要基地。过去60多年中,本学科为国家建材工业培养了4万多名高层次人才,提供了近100项重大科技成果,为建材工业从无到有、从小到大、走向世界并引领世界建材工业发展做出了巨大贡献。本学科1988年被列为首批国家重点学科,2007年列为一级学科国家重点学科,1995-2015年期间被列为国家"211"工程重点建设学科,在国家第三轮学科评估中排名第5(并列),进入ESI学科排名前1%。

  本学科目标定位是:到2025年,进入世界一流材料学科行列,突破建筑材料绿色制造工程理论和共性关键技术,研发建材工业转型升级战略性新材料和国防尖端武器装备发展需要的关键新材料,建设世界一流水平的材料科学与工程国际化示范学院,培养拔尖创新人才,为国家建材工业转型升级和新材料战略性新兴产业发展提供人才和科技支撑,成为材料学科国际学术交流与合作的重要基地。

  本学科拥有中国工程院院士1人、比利时皇家科学院院士1人、澳大利亚工程院院士1人,"千人计划"专家9人,国家杰青6人,长江学者8人,"973"计划和重大科学研究计划首席科学家2人,国家教学名师2人,青年千人3人,国家基金委创新群体1个,国家级教学团队2个。汤森路透2012年"全球21位热门科学家"1人、"全球高被引科学家"1人(2014-2015连续两年入选)。建有2个国家重点实验室、1个国家工程实验室。实验室建筑面积5.2万平方米,大型仪器设备200余台套,总价值近5亿元。评估期内承担国家"973"、"863"、科技支撑、武器装备重点型号项目、国家基金重大项目等国家任务200余项(经费4.57亿元),其他各类各级项目800余项,总经费7.9亿元。获国家科技成果奖8项、省部一等奖13项,发表SCI论文3300余篇,SCI他引41000余次,ESI高被引论文136篇(HCP论文65篇)。

  二、主要学科方向、特色与优势

  1、建筑材料绿色制造理论与技术

  本方向研究建筑材料绿色制造工程理论与关键技术及装备,包括基于低品位原燃料的多相、多元复杂新体系高温非平衡态热力学、动力学理论与矿物形成控制技术,建筑材料全寿命周期循环利用理论,水泥窑协同处置废弃物技术与装备,低碳胶凝材料低温合成技术,玻璃新一代低能耗熔制技术及装备等。

  2、建材行业转型升级战略新材料

  本方向研究硅酸盐建筑材料多功能与高性能化协同调控理论、超薄与柔性玻璃强度理论、节能建筑多功能建筑材料与建筑结构一体化集成技术、建筑光电/热电复合能源系统、建筑与催化净化一体化环境净化系统、面向深远海和我国西部严酷复杂环境条件下长寿命建筑材料及其延寿原理等。

  3、高性能陶瓷与先进复合材料

  本方向研究具有新功能/多功能的高性能陶瓷与先进复合材料的多组分多相多尺度设计理论和复合原理,发展材料梯度复合、原位复合和纳米复合新技术,开发极端动高压环境用波阻抗梯度材料、抗高速冲击导电陶瓷复合材料、新一代隐身伪装与电磁防护复合材料、舰船用多功能复合材料、极端高功率环境下高绝缘陶瓷基复合材料等。

  4、信息功能材料与器件

  本方向研究光纤光栅用低损耗新型光纤材料、钙钛矿和类钙钛矿新型信息功能材料与器件的设计与制备新技术,海量数据检测用光纤光栅连续动态制备原理与技术,新型光纤传感器与组网技术,重点开发大飞机、重大交通基础设施、智慧城市地下管网、国家电网等安全智能监测应用技术。

  5、先进新能源材料

  本方向研究高效热电材料电子/声子协同调控理论、微结构调控原理,发展超快速制备新技术,开发绿色高效新型热电材料;研究纳米线储能材料与器件的设计组装、原位表征、储能机理及性能调控,开发新型高效纳米线储能器件;研究高效光催化材料设计理论和关键制备技术,开发新型高效光催化产氢材料和敏化太阳能电池;研究燃料电池用新一代低Pt/非Pt膜电极关键技术与成套装备,开发高功率密度燃料电池电堆及车用系统。

  6、生物功能材料

  本方向研究仿生纳米复合神经诱导材料,开发系列复合神经导管并广泛应用临床;研究精细等级结构材料、功能生命体的寿命及修饰调控、生命体与精细等级结构材料多层次复合原理、生物/材料界面手性效应,开发系列生命复合材料并在人工光合反应器、生物燃料电池、环境净化器获得应用。

  三、学科国际影响

  本学科建有2个国家级国际联合研究中心和2个国家"111"学科创新引智基地。2009年以来,与哈佛大学等世界著名大学建立了9个联合实验室,包括武汉理工大学-哈佛大学纳米联合实验室(WUT-Harvard Joint Nano Key Lab),美国科学院院士、哈佛大学C.M.Lieber教授任实验室主任;武汉理工大学-密歇根大学新能源材料联合实验室(WUT-UM Joint New Energy Lab),密歇根大学杰出教授、国际热电学会主席C.Uher教授任实验室主任;武汉理工大学-加州大学戴维斯分校多尺度复合材料联合实验室(WUT-UCD Joint Lab of Multi-scale Composites),美国工程院院士E.J.Lavernia教授任实验室主任;联合承担重大国际合作项目22项,总经费5600万元;联合培养研究生40余名,联合发表SCI论文300余篇。主办有影响的国际会议20余次,包括第35届国际热电会议、第13届国际非晶态固体物理会议、《Nature》能源材料国际会议。与美国密歇根大学、澳大利亚蒙纳士大学、英国玛丽皇后大学等世界知名大学建立了"2+2"、"3+2"、"4+1"人才联合培养模式。2015年国家外专局和教育部依托本学科建立了全国首个"材料科学与工程国际化示范学院",E.J.Lavernia任院长。

  Materials Science and Engineering Discipline Introduction

  (I) History and Vision

  Building materials industry, mainly based on cements, glasses, ceramics, inorganic non-metal materials and composite materials, is the backbone industry to support national economy. Wuhan University of Technology (WUT) is an important platform of high-level talents training and major scientific achievements cultivation for the building materials industry of China. In the past 60 years, WUT has cultivated over 40 thousand top-notch talents and made about 100 scientific and technological achievements, greatly contributing to the development of materials industry. MSE discipline of WUT was listed among the first-level national key disciplines in 1988, and among the first-class national key disciplines in 2007. It was also in priority constructed by the"State 211 Project (1995-2015)", and ranked 5th in the third round national MSE first-level discipline evaluation and top 1% of ESI global discipline ranking list.

  By 2025, the MSE discipline of WUT is aimed to ranking among the world first-class disciplines, breaking through the theory and key techniques of green building materials manufacturing, developing advanced materials for the intelligent and sustainable building and the development of advanced national defense, constructing a world-leading international school of materials science and engineering, which provides a solid support in top-notch innovative talents and key technologies for the transformation and upgrading of China’ s building materials industry and the development of the strategic emerging industry of new materials, as well as becoming an important international collaborative platform.

  The MSE discipline of WUT has constructed a strong teaching and research team, which includes 1 Chinese Academy of Engineering Academician, 1 Member of the Royal Academy of Belgium and 1 Elected Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, 9 experts of National Thousand Talents Program, 6 winners of the National Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, 8 distinguished professors of Changjiang Scholar’ s Programme, 2 chief scientists of"973 program"projects, 2 National Famous Teacher Award Winners, 3 young scientists supported by Thousand Youth Talents Plan, 1 innovative group of National Natural Science Foundation of China. In addition, 1 scientist is listed among the 2012"Top Hottest Researchers"released by Thomson Reuters, 1 is listed in Highly Cited Researchers (2014, 2015). It also has 3 national labs, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies for Materials Synthesis and Processing, State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures and National Engineering Laboratory of Optic Fiber Sensing. There are more than 200 large-scale scientific instruments worth about 500 million RMB. The total laboratory area is over 52000 m2. In the past 4 years, the MSE discipline of WUT has undertaken more than 1000 projects, including national projects such as"973 Program","863 Plan"and NSFC projects, with a total fund up to 790 million RMB, and was awarded 8 National Science and Technology Achievement Awards as well as 13 first-grade provincial and ministerial level achievement awards. It also has published more than 3300 SCI indexed papers, received over 41000 citations. 136 papers are highly cited papers

  (II) Discipline Orientation

  1. Green manufacturing theory and technology for building materials

  This research field is driven by the national strategic demand of shifting the building materials industry from high resource consuming, high energy consuming and high emission to a green and environmentally friendly emerging industry. The prime research converges to engineering theories, key technologies and equipment for green manufacturing of building materials, including high-temperature non-equilibrium thermodynamic and kinetic theories on new multi-phase and multi-component complex system with low-grade raw materials and fuels, tuning technologies for mineral formation, recycling and reuse of building materials, technologies and equipment for co-processing of waste in cement kiln, low temperature synthesis technologies of low-carbon cementitious materials, next generation melting system of glass manufacturing.

  2. Strategic advanced materials for intellegent and sustainable infrastructures

  This research field centres on the national strategic demand upon high-performance multi-function novel building materials for transformation and upgrade of building material industry. The prime research converges to coordinated synergy effects of multi-functionanal high performance building materials, strengthening theory of ultra-thin and flexible glass, integration technologies of energy-saving multifunction building materials and building structure, optoelectric and thermoelectric hybrid energy system for buildings, building-integrated photo-catalytic environment purification system, durable building materials in severe complex environments for marine regions and western China as well as theories for service-life extension.

  3. High performance ceramics and advanced composite materials

  This research field mainly serves for the significant demands of most advanced national defense. The design theory and composite principle of high performance ceramics and advanced composite materials with new/multiple functions are studied from multiple components, multiple phases and multiple scales. The advanced technologies for materials synthesis and processing including graded composite, in-situ composite and nanocomposite are exploited. The wave-impedance graded materials used in extreme and dynamic high pressures, the anti-high-velocity-impact electric conducting ceramic composites, the new-generation nanocomposite materials for radiation protection, stealth and camouflage, the multifunctional composite materials used in naval ships, and the high insulating ceramic materials used in extremely high power circumstance are being developed.

  4. Advanced functional materials and devices for information technology

  To meet the great need of major national engineering, important equipment, Internet of things and ocean resource exploration for new bulk information functional materials and devices, this research is focused on (1) New technology of design and fabrication of new low loss fiber optic materials for fiber bragg grating(FBG), and perovskite and perovskite-like information functional materials and devices; (2) Principle and technology of continuous dynamic preparation of FBG for mass data detection; (3) Technology of fiber optic sensor and networking. And developing intelligent security monitoring technology of big aircraft, important transportation infrastructure, smart urban underground pipeline-network and national power grid.

  5. Advanced energy materials

  This research area concerns about significant demands for efficient energy conversion and energy storage emerging in strategic new material industries, it is dedicated to research on efficient electronic/phonon regulation theory on thermoelectric materials, microstructure regulation principle, and also to develop ultra-fast preparation techniques and new green high-efficiency thermoelectric materials. This area is also aimed to rational design and assembly, in-situ characterization, energy storage mechanism investigation and performance regulation of nanowires for energy storage materials and devices, and so as to develop new high-efficiency nanowire energy storage device. The design theory and key synthesis processes of efficient photocatalytic materials is investigated, and the new high-efficiency photocatalytic materials for hydrogen production and sensitized solar cells are developed. The key technologies and whole sets of equipment for the next generation MEA in PEMFC is also exploited with low Pt loading/non Pt loading with development in high power density stack and application in fuel cell system for transportation.

  6. Functional materials for biotechnology and life science

  This research field is based on the great requirements for biomedical materials and living hybrid materials from medical health, energy, environment and biology technology. One research topic is developing biomimetic nerve inducing nanomaterials and exploring their extensive clinical applications. The other research topic is studying living hybrid materials. Reserahcers will first focus on the understanding of the hierarchically fine-structured porous materials, the life and modification of functional organisms, the mechanisms between the functional organisms and hierarchically fine-structured porous materials, and the chiral effect of biological/material interface. Then researchers will develop a series of living hybrid materials for practical applications, such as artificial photosynthetic reactor, biofuel battery, environmental purification reactor and biological pharmaceutical reactor.

  (III) Interntional Reputation

  The MSE discipline of WUT has constructed the International Joint-research Laboratory of Advanced Technologies for Material Processing, the International Joint-research Laboratory of Environmetal Freindship Building Materials as well as 2 Bases of Foreign Outstanding Expertise-Introduction for Disciplines Innovation ("111"Plan). In addition, it has also established 9 international collaborative laboratories in cooperation with world-famous universities, such as WUT-Harvard Joint Nano Key Lab, of wich the director is Prof. C. M. Lieber, academician of US National Academy of Science. WUT-UM Joint New Energy Lab (the director is Prof. C. Uher, President of International Thermoelectric Society, distinguished professor of University of Michigan). WUT-UCD Joint Lab of Multi-scale Composites, led by Prof. E. J. Lavernia, academician of US National Academy of Engineering. These international collaborative laboratories have undertaken 22 international cooperative projects with total funds of about 56 million RMB. In the past 4 years, the MSE discipline of WUT also held more than 20 influential international conferences, including The 35th International Conference and the 1st Asian Conference on Thermoelectrics, The 13th International Conference on the Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, XIII PNCS and Nature Conference on Materials for Energy 2016. Furthermore, it has developed multiple international cooperation programs ("2+2","3+2","4+1") with world-leading universities, such as University of Michigan, Monash University and Queen Mary University of London. In 2015, Ministry of Education and State Administration of Foreign Expert Affairs jointly authorized the first national example of the International School of Materials Science and Engineering at WUT and provided a financial support by"Network of International Centers for Education".